Vietnam has climbed seven positions to 67th globally in the 2016 Rule of Law Index ranking issued by the Washington-based World Justice Project (WJP), becoming the biggest mover in the East Asia and Pacific region.
Vietnam’s score came at 0.51 point, compared to an average of 0.81-0.89 scored by the top ten countries.
In the Southeast Asian region, Singapore occupies the highest ranking of 9th, followed by Malaysia (56th), Indonesia (61st), and Thailand (64th). Vietnam comes before the Philippines (70th), which was the biggest decliner, Myanmar (98th) and Cambodia (112th).
Globally, Denmark takes the highest position, followed Norway, Finland and Sweden. The U.S. comes at 18th while China occupies the 80th position.
The 2016 edition expands coverage to 113 countries and jurisdictions (from 102 in 2015), relying on more than 100,000 household and expert surveys to measure how the rule of law is experienced in practical, everyday situations by the general public worldwide.
Performance is measured using 44 indicators across eight primary rule of law factors, each of which is scored and ranked globally and against regional and income peers: Constraints on Government Powers, Absence of Corruption, Open Government, Fundamental Rights, Order and Security, Regulatory Enforcement, Civil Justice, and Criminal Justice.
Scoring is based on answers drawn from a representative sample of 1,000 respondents in the three largest cities per country and a set of in-country legal practitioners and academics. In Vietnam, the survey was carried out in Hanoi, Hai Phong and Ho Chi Minh City.